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ODD stands for Oppositional Defiant Disorder.
ODD is a relatively newly "discovered" mental condition. At least it is new to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. There was a similar 'mental' condition discovered in the USSR back in the 1940's when people who might otherwise be called dissidents were conveniently diagnosed as being mentally ill and were imprisoned in psikhushkas or 'psychiatric hospitals' and were forcibly medicated. Although the USSR eventually accepted their malpractice, and presumably it is much diluted nowadays in Russia, it is still in evidence.
So it seems now in the Western World (largely America but who's counting) that if you oppress children and give them enough contradictory crap that they not only question authority (which we should always encourage) but they actually object to the oppression, then there is obviously something wrong with them mentally.
It is very worrying that in this day and age official psychiatric and psychological bodies can come up with diagnostic names like Oppositional Defiant Disorder. It is all part of a kind of inverse 'doublespeak' phenomenon as coined by George Orwell in his novel Nineteen Eighty-four. The trouble is that if you consider an imaginary child who is exhibiting significant ODD symptoms it is not hard, as a compassionate human being, to see that something is wrong and it might be a good idea to do something to help. What it is likely to require is paying a lot of attention to the child and to listen and to try to understand their experience and why the world is looking so bad to them that they are behaving so strongly in opposition to their environment. Although it is likely that to change the entire environment might be the real solution it is rarely possible. Alternatively one might offer sympathy, respect, value and one or two nuggets of advice about how they might improve their experience in spite of the provocation from others. That is the benign approach. But I have incorporated a simple error in all of this. I have allowed the current cultural paradigms to describe the situation in the first place and the current paradigms are evidently not benign. How do I know that? Simples! It is a negative description in the name of the condition. To call it 'Abusive Authority Injury' (AAI) or 'Toxic Adult Exposure' (TAE) or 'Paradoxical Instruction Resistance' (PIR) would be a little more descriptive of what is going on. To turn it around and to say the opposite of the truth is doublespeak. The child has only got a 'disorder' from the authorities perspective when the authority is malign. So the evidence is clearly in the diagnostic label. And yet if you try to question the validity of such a clinical definition you are obviously suffering from ODD. You probably need medication. Many adults can self medicate with a legally available drug much more dangerous than heroin or cocaine (See the article about Prof. David Nutt's findings). It is called alcohol and is not only freely available to adults (you can buy it from Tesco!) but culturally and politically encouraged. Hey - We don't want adults exhibiting ODD after all!